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Saturday, October 31, 2020 | History

2 edition of Biological control of Olive fly and other insect pests of olive found in the catalog.

Biological control of Olive fly and other insect pests of olive

DusМЊko BrnetiМЃc

Biological control of Olive fly and other insect pests of olive

final report

by DusМЊko BrnetiМЃc

  • 291 Want to read
  • 24 Currently reading

Published by Institute for Adriatic Agriculture and Karst Reclamation in Split, Yugoslavia .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Olive -- Yugoslavia -- Diseases and pests.,
  • Olive -- Diseases and pests.,
  • Olive fly.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementinvestigators and authors, Duško Brnetić, Vladimir Pelicarić, Ante Tominić.
    ContributionsPelicarić, Vladimir., Tominić, Ante., Institut za jadranske kulture i melioraciju Krša.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination342 leaves in various foliations :
    Number of Pages342
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15537996M

    “Classical biological control — the importation of novel natural enemies from the pest’s home range — offers the best opportunity to economically suppress olive fruit fly in these. “Classical biological control — the importation of novel natural enemies from the pest’s home range — offers the best opportunity to economically suppress olive fruit fly in these situations,” UC Berkeley specialist Kent Daane and colleagues wrote in the January-March . Adult scale insects are usually covered in waxy shell-like cover.. There are more than 25 species of scale insect found in British Gardens. Each species has a different host range and life cycle. They feed by sucking sap and some can weaken host plants, many excrete a sticky substance (honeydew), which allows the growth of sooty moulds.


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Biological control of Olive fly and other insect pests of olive by DusМЊko BrnetiМЃc Download PDF EPUB FB2

The olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae (Diptera, Tephritidae) first was recorded in California in October when a single female fly was captured in west Los Angeles. By fallolive fruit flies had been captured in seven additional counties including Tulare County, in the San Joaquin Valley, the leading producer of table olives in California.

Olive fruit fly, (Rossi) (Diptera: Tephritidae), is the major pest of commercial olives worldwide. Various aspects of its biology, ecology, management, and impact on olive production are highlighted.

With the discovery of insecticidal resistance in some populations frequently treated with organophosphates, old and new control options are being investigated. The potential of biological control Cited by: State-of-the-art and research prospectings in biological and integrated control of the olive fly were briefly discussed.

Key words: olive, olive fly, biological control, integrate pest management SAŽETAK U radu su, na osnovi literaturnih podataka, prikazana aktualna znanja o maslinovojAuthor: Valentina Baratella.

Control of olive fly 3 during such times to bring others of the same species to food sources (Mazomenos and Pomonis, ). In a pest management context, however, it is the practical use of these substan-ces, which is of interest, and their use to date can be divided into two main catego-ries, pest monitoring and pest by: Experiments evidenced that pest control by birds (measured as attack rates to plasticine models and pest damage) in the studied olive orchards is negligible, while pests were overall abundant and.

A method of dsRNA delivery to insects with potential use in the field is the oral delivery, feeding the insects engineered microorganisms that produce dsRNA.

Here, we present the first protocol for dsRNA feeding using modified bacteria, in the olive fruit fly, the most important insect pest of cultivated olives.

The olive fruit fly poses a serious threat for all olive growers. A native of eastern Africa, there are records of infestations in fruit going back to the third century BC. It is considered the most damaging pest of olives in southern Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, and now, in California.

(BollerEconomopoulos ) and biological control (Kapatos et a/. Currently, control of the olive fly is achieved either by preventative, cover sprays with organophosphorous insecticides (e.g., dimethoate) or by bait sprays ('lure and kill approach') that consist of organophosphorous insecticides and protein hydrolysates.

Instead, biological control of olive fruit fly has focused on members of the P. concolor species complex, which includes P. concolor from northern Africa and P. humilis from sub-Saharan Africa, especially after an efficient massrearing method was developed in the s using Medfly reared on an artificial diet (Daane and Johnson ).

Black scale, Saissetia oleae, is a soft scale insect native to southern Africa that is currently an agricultural and horticultural pest in southern Europe, North America, South America, Asia, Australia, and New North America, the insect is distributed in the southern and western United States as well as in Mexico and Central America.

The insect was introduced to California before. The main pests and diseases affecting olives trees in Australia are: scale insects, lace bug and peacock spot. Scale insects. There are two types of scale insects that attack olive trees in Australia; soft scale and armoured scale.

Most soft scales often have only one or two generations per year, while most armoured scales can have several. For a complete background on how to grow olive trees, we recommend starting from the beginning.

Olive Fruit Fly. Small dark brown with clear wings containing dark veins and small dark spot at the wing tip. Larvae are yellowish white maggots with a pointed head. Natural Control.

Traps; Remove and destroy all fruit (on tree and ground) Other. Besides the olive fly, there are a number of insect and mite pests that can attack olive trees. They generally can be kept below economically damaging levels through a combination of biological and cultural controls. It is important to take care of problems when needed before secondary infestation and damage can occur.

Zeev Wiesman, in Desert Olive Oil Cultivation, Olive fruit fly. The olive fruit fly is among the most serious insect pests of the olive agro-ecosystem (Navrozidis et al., ).It can survive and develop in any area of the world where olive trees are grown.

The olive fruit fly is strictly monophagous (Ochando and Reyes, ), and the female lays eggs in olive fruits. Olive Fly – Biology, Control and Research Update Corning Olive Fly Bactrocera oleae with other insects or dust.

McPhail Trap Torula Yeast & Borax • Impact of summer heat on fly numbers • Controling black scale • Biological control efforts underway Presentation Topics.

Placement in TreesPlacement in Trees • Place on north. The Situation: Olive fruit fly is the major insect pest of olive crops is in the insect family Tephritidae that contains many well know pests species such as the Mediterranean fruit fly. It has impacted olive production since biblical times.

The olive fruit fly is a serious pest of olives in California. It was recently introduced from the Mediterranean where it has been a problem for thousands of years. The adult olive fruit fly is rarely seen. It lays its eggs just under the skin of the olive fruit.

The larvae feed on the olive flesh, leaving brown tracks and tunnels. The dam. The olive fruit fly (Bactrocera oleae) is a species of fruit fly, which belongs to the subfamily is a phytophagous species, whose larvae feed on the fruit of olive trees, hence the common name. It is considered a serious pest in the cultivation of olives.

Untilthe fly had not been detected in the United States, and its range coincided with the range of the olive tree in the. Pest and disease management tips for olive groves The main pests and diseases affecting olives groves in Australia are: Scale insects, Lace Bug enemies is an important component of biological pest control.

Ants deter natural enemies, and if large numbers of household cans of fly spray. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Control of the olive fruit fly using genetics-enhanced sterile insect technique Thomas Ant1,2, Martha Koukidou1, Polychronis Rempoulakis1,3, Hong-Fei Gong1, Aris Economopoulos3, John Vontas3 and Luke Alphey1,2* Abstract Background: The olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae, is the major arthropod pest of commercial olive production.

More importantly, GF may also disrupt biological control of other pests that are suppressed by introduced biological control agents such as the olive scale, Parlatoria oleae Colvée, and the black scale, Saissetia oleae (Olivier), which are controlled by introduced parasitoids in parts of California (Daane and Caltagirone ).

Olive Fruit Fly: Managing An Ancient Pest In Modern Times. Two University of California entomologists survey control methods for this key pest, with special emphasis on biological control. This research was partially funded by CDFA's Office of Pesticide Consultation & Analysis.

Annual Report: Plant Health & Pest Prevention Services. It is considered the most damaging pest of olives in southern Europe, North Africa, Middle East and United States of America. The scientific name of the olive fly, Bactrocera oleae. numbers of olive fly in each trap.

There are significant to found between temperature and the numbers of olive flies. Discussion Role of the olive fly, B. oleae (Rossi) traps in integrated pest management The olive fruit fly was attacked the olive fruits and quality and quantity loss in.

Introduction The recorded history of biological control may be considered as dating from Egyptian records of 4, years ago, where domestic cats were depicted as useful in rodent control. Insect Predation was recognized at an early date, but the significance of entomophagy and exploitation was lost except for a few early human populations in Asia where a sophisticated agriculture had developed.

The potential of these and other natural enemies is discussed with respect to olive fruit fly biology, commercial olive production, and biological constraints that may limit their success. We suggest that numerous species exist that should be further investigated as control agents for olive fruit fly in the many climatic regimes where the pest.

Introduction. The olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae (Rossi), is a widespread, monophagous pest that feeds exclusively on wild and cultivated olives (Daane and Johnson ). Genetic studies suggest that this fruit fly is native to Africa, where its original host plants were wild precursors of the cultivated olive.

Results showed great potential for biological control of olive fruit fly by P. concolor. The parasitoid was also found to attack walnut husk fly which is a pest of walnuts, but did not attack a seedhead fly that is used for biological control of yellow star thistle.

The olive lace bug, Froggattia olivina (Hemiptera: Tingidae) is an Australian native sap-sucking insect that has moved from its native host, mock olive (Notelaea longifolia), to the cultivated olive (Olea europaea).

It can reduce yields and kill trees if left untreated. Olive lace bug is considered a serious threat to the olive industry in Victoria.

How-ever, suppressing olive fruit fly popu-lations with biological control agents on untreated landscape trees, which otherwise serve as a source of adult olive fruit flies that disperse into com-mercial groves, will help reduce over-all fly densities and potentially reduce the number of treatments needed in commercial groves to achieve control.

The olive fly is, beyond doubt, the most destructive pest of cultivated olives. The female fly leaves its eggs in the olive fruit. Upon emergence, the larvae feed on the olive sap, thus destroying the fruit.

If untreated, practically all olives get infected. The use of chemical insecticides constitutes the principal olive fly control approach.

Much of the literature concerning the life history and control of olive fruit fly as a pest in olives grown for oil in Western and Central Mediterranean countries has been reviewed (FletcherTzanakakis ). The application of this literature to the biology of olive fruit fly in California is limited by the genetic differences in the.

Research Project: Classical Biological Control of Insect Pests of Crops, Emphasizing Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Spotted Wing Drosophila and Tarnished Plant Bug Location: Beneficial Insects Introduction Research Unit Title: Biological control of olive fruit fly in California – release, establishment and impact of Psyttalia lounsburyi and Psyttalia humilis.

The Biological Control Program is a unit within the Integrated Pest Control Branch, and an integral part of the Department's Division of Plant Health and Pest Prevention Services. The Biological Control Program helps to minimize the economic and environmental impact of noxious invasive weeds and exotic insect pests by facilitating the.

Classical biological control is the dominant form of biological control, being suitable for use on thousands to millions of acres of land and is a critical tool in controlling the ecological and economic damage caused by invasive pests.

It is a government-supported activity for the public good and is based in ecology and population dynamics. Some biological control suppliers are selling “Aphid Banker Plants” consisting of wheat or barley plants with bird cherry oat aphids (Rhopalosiphum padi); (these aphid species feed upon cereal grains, and are only used in the banker plant system).

The bird cherry oat aphid is a small, brownish to olive green aphid. The widespread and rapid establishment of the olive fruit fly in California required immediate changes in integrated pest management (IPM) programs for olives. After finding that resident natural enemies did not provide adequate control, researchers began a worldwide search for parasitoids, with exploration in the Republic of South Africa.

To purchase olive fruit fly bait: email: [email protected], Telephone:or PURPOSE STATEMENT: Organic olive fruit fly lures and bait control olive fruit fly pest insects without chemical pesticides contacting crop: thus no crop pesticide residues.

For assisstance with insect identification and management in Kentucky, bring questions and specimens directly to your local County Extension Office. Your local office can also help you find and print factsheets and other information.

These services are provided to Kentuckians at no cost. List of Kentucky County Extension Offices. Olive Fly: Time to Start Spraying The olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae (Rossi) (Diptera:Tephritidae), is an important pest to be very aware of if you grow olives (Olea europaea).

This pest was introduced and invaded California aroundand spread rapidly throughout the state and northern Mexico (Rice et al., ). Industry desperate to control pest: Olive fruit fly attract/kill traps coming Harry Cline Farm Press Editorial Staff | The $66 million per year industry has only one tool to battle the fruit fly in 36, acres of oil and table olive orchards, but a European company wants to add an attract and kill product to the arsenal this fall.of canned olive, Olea europaea, production in the U.S.

Quarantine strategies to mitigate pest populations in harvested fruit transported to processing plants were developed by Yokoyama and Miller (), and other methods of control have been investigated by Yokoyama et al., () including attract and kill traps and biological control.European biological control (Wharton ), presumably because they have been difficult to import and rear.

We found no reports of concerted efforts to import or manipulate U. af-ricanus for biological control, although in some South African surveys it is an abundant olive fruit fly parasitoid in wild olives (Hancock ). Similarly.